ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute  

About Us

The institute is situated in the heart of Shimla city, near Bemloe, which is approximately 4 km from Shimla bus stand and 6 km from Shimla railway station on the National Highway No.22. The seat of the institute is at an altitude of 2,000 metres above mean sea level and has wet temperate climate. The annual precipitation is about 1,500 mm out of which 1,252 mm is received as rainfall and rest as snowfall. The minimum and maximum temperatures during winter range from -2° C to 15° C whereas, that during summer range from 18° C to 28° C respectively. Kufri is situated 17 km away from Bemloe on Shimla-Rampur highway. Initially, the CPRI had 3 research stations at Shimla, Kufri and Bhowali. Presently, it has 7 regional research stations in different potato growing areas of the country. These are located in different potato growing areas of the country, viz. Kufri-Fagu (HP), Modipuram (UP), Jalandhar (Punjab), Gwalior (MP), Patna (Bihar), Shillong (Meghalaya), and Ootacamund (Tamil Nadu).

 

Station Latitude (N) Longitude (E) Altitude (m) Year Established Area (ha)
 Shimla 31 77 2202 1935 5.2
 Kufri-Fagu 32 77 2501 1963 32.0
 Shillong  25  91 1500 1959 12.8
 Muthorai  (Ooty)  11  76 2245  1957  16.6
 Jalandhar  31  75  237  1957  80.0
 Modipuram  29  76  222  1971  153.8
 Gwalior 26 78 207 1979 179.5
 Patna 25 85 53 1949 40.9
 Total 520.8

 

About the potato crop

Potato is a carbohydrate-rich, but low fat food crop grown in nearly 150 countries and is consumed by over one billion people world over. It is a high yielding, short duration crop and up to 80% of its dry matter can be harvested as edible nutritious food. On dry weight basis, the protein content of potato is similar to that of cereals and the quality of potato protein is comparable to that of milk. Potato is a rich source of vitamin C and moderate source of iron, vitamins B1, B3, B6, folate, pantothenic acid, riboflavin and minerals such as potassium, phosphorus and magnesium. It also contains dietary antioxidants, which may play a part in preventing disease related to ageing, and dietary fibre, which benefits health. The Glycemic Index (a measure of the effects of carbohydrates on blood sugar) of boiled potato is 56 (medium) compared to 58 in white rice and 71 in white bread. Therefore, it is a misconception that potato causes obesity and is forbidden for diabetic patient. Potato has the physiological potential to yield about 120 tonnes per hectare. Due to high protein-calorie ratio and short vegetative cycle, potatoes yield substantially more edible energy, protein and dry matter per unit area and time than many other crops. In India, potato can be grown as mixed, inter, relay or sequential crop. It is grown in kharif (plateau), early autumn, main rabi and spring, summer or all the year round in different parts of India. The crop can be harvested 65 days after planting or may be allowed to grow for 100-110 days depending on the cropping system.